House Tyrell

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House Tyrell of High garden is an extinct Great House of Westeros. It ruled over the Reach, a vast, fertile, and heavily-populated region of southwestern Westeros, from their castle-seat of High garden as Lords Paramount of the Reach and Wardens of the South after taking control of the region from House Gardener during the Targaryen conquest.

The House was formerly led by Lord Mace Tyrell. Mace’s son Loras was a noted tournament knight and, secretly, the lover of Lord Renly Baratheon. Mace’s daughter Margaery married Renly when he crowned himself king in the War of the Five Kings to cement an alliance between Renly and her father. Following Renly’s death, Margaery was then married to King Joffrey Baratheon before his assassination at his wedding feast. She was then married to his younger brother, King Tommen Baratheon. Mace’s mother, the indomitable Olenna Tyrell, assumed House Tyrell’s lordship after Margaery, Loras, and Mace Tyrell were all killed by wildfire at the destruction of the Great Sept of Baelor. Under Olenna, House Tyrell realigned itself with House Targaryen and declared for Daenerys Targaryen in opposition against Cersei Lannister, who had orchestrated the downfall of House Tyrell. With the death of Olenna after the Sack of High garden, the House has officially become extinct.

The Tyrell sigil is a golden rose on a pale green field. Their house words are “Growing Strong.”

History

Background

House Tyrell began as a cadet branch of House Gardener, the ancient Kings of the Reach. The Tyrells became senior servants of the main Gardener line, serving for centuries as stewards of the royal castle at High garden. Over time they rose to prominence as one of the strongest noble Houses in the Reach, and even intermarried with the royal line – though so did many other powerful Houses from the Reach.

During the Targaryen Conquest, King Mern Gardener was burned alive at the Field of Fire by the Targaryen dragons, along with all of his immediate heirs. Subsequently, Mern’s steward Harlen Tyrell voluntarily surrendered High garden to Aegon Targaryen. Aegon rewarded Harlen by making him Lord of High garden and Lord Paramount of the Reach – ahead of other Houses from the Reach which were actually more closely related to House Gardener. Chief among these is House Florent of Bright water Keep, which claims direct male-line descent from the old Gardener kings, while House Tyrell only claim descent from House Gardener through the female line.

Harlen Tyrell surrender to Aegon the Conqueror

Harlen Tyrell surrenders to Aegon the Conqueror.

House Tyrell’s overall disposition is adequately represented by their sigil of a rose: a rose’s beauty often hides the fact that it has thorns. Though the Tyrells do try to be just and fair, their benevolent demeanour serves to lull their enemies into thinking that, like the Starks, they are utterly beholden to honourable conduct. In reality, the Tyrells are just as cunning as the Lannisters in court politics and intrigue, though they often prefer a more subtle approach. Thus they strike a pragmatic balance between the Starks’ honour and the Lannisters’ ruthlessness.

Throughout history, House Tyrell has played by the strategy of following the sure path, siding with whoever is most likely to win in any conflict. During the Targaryen Conquest, they surrendered High garden to the invading forces of Aegon the Conqueror, and in return the Tyrells were elevated as the new Lords Paramount of the Reach. During Robert’s Rebellion, House Tyrell remained loyal to House Targaryen, as Robert Baratheon was a rebel unlikely to win, and the Tyrells owed their rule of the Reach to the Targaryens. Forces of House Tyrell managed to inflict the only loss Robert suffered during the war, albeit an indecisive one, at the Battle of Ashford. However, the vast army and resources of House Tyrell were tied up on a siege of Storm’s End (held for Robert by his brother; Stannis Baratheon). After the Mad King’s death, the Tyrells surrendered and swore fealty to Robert Baratheon. 

Tyrell surrender to Robert

Mace Tyrell surrenders to Robert Baratheon.

In the current generation, House Tyrell is a stable and honestly loving family, with none of the internal rivalries that are to be found in House Lannister and House Baratheon. Thus the relationships between Lord Mace and his children, and between siblings like Loras and Margaery, are genuine and uncomplicated.

Season 1

Ser Loras Tyrell suggests to his lover, Renly Baratheon, that the Tyrells would support a claim for the Iron Throne made by Renly with all of their formidable military and economic might. Renly is initially reluctant to make such a claim. However, when Eddard Stark spurns his aid, Renly flees King’s Landing by night with Loras. He is crowned King in High garden and lays claim to the Iron Throne.

Season 2

The Tyrells and Renly have raised an army of 100,000 men to support Renly’s claim to the throne, outnumbering any of the other claimants’ armies by a significant number. Robb Stark sends his mother to treat with Renly and seek an alliance against the Lannisters. To cement his new alliance with House Tyrell, Renly marries Lord Mace’s only daughter, Loras’s sister Margaery Tyrell. Petyr “Little finger” Baelish then arrives at Renly’s camp as an envoy from King Joffrey. While in camp, he engages Margaery in conversation, alluding to the fact that Renly is actually a homosexual, trying to lure her allegiance (and that of House Tyrell) away from Renly. To Baelish’s surprise, he finds that Margaery is not intimidated by him or his court intrigues. Baelish also did not anticipate that, as it turns out, Margaery is fully aware that Renly is in a homosexual relationship with her own brother Loras, but she does not care. Margaery honestly believed that supporting Renly’s claim to the kingship was in the best interests of House Tyrell, so she agreed to the paper marriage. Indeed, she actively supported the idea. However, in private, Margaery also shrewdly explains to Renly that he has to impregnate her, as the best way to truly cement the alliance between their two Houses is if “you put your baby in my belly.”

King Renly is then assassinated in his tent under mysterious circumstances. As Ser Loras stands vigil over his body, Margaery urges him that it is not safe and they must return with their army to High garden. Little finger then arrives in the tent, and while Loras is angry with him and overcome with grief, Little finger calmly explains to him that Stannis’s army will arrive within the hour, and when they do, the Tyrells’ former allies in the Storm lands will fight each other over who gets to hand Loras and Margaery over to Stannis as prisoners. Margaery agrees with the sense of what Little finger is saying, and that if they have any hope of getting revenge on Stannis for Renly’s death (which they accurately suspect he was responsible for) they must live to fight another day. After Loras leaves, Baelish tries to assess the position of Margaery and of House Tyrell. Noting her marriage to Renly, he asks Margaery if she wants to be a queen. Margaery cooly responds that she wants to be “the queen”, much to the pleasure of Baelish.

After Renly’s death, the Tyrell host returns to High garden, while Little finger travels to Harrenhal to propose to Lord Tywin Lannister that they should seize Renly’s untimely demise as an opportunity to forge a new alliance between House Lannister and House Tyrell. With House Tyrell on their side, the large armies and resources of the Reach will support King Joffrey’s faction in the war. Tywin feels that trying to woo the Tyrells to their allegiance is the obvious course of action, criticising Baelish for acting like he’s the only person who could have thought of that, but nonetheless he sends him to try to broker the alliance with House Tyrell.

Little finger is successful in negotiating with the Tyrells, and the allied forces arrive in time to achieve a decisive victory against Stannis at the Battle of the Blackwater. Just as Stannis’ forces were turning the tide and about to take the city, the Lannister army led by Tywin and the large Tyrell army led by Loras arrived from the River lands and the Reach, and caught Stannis’ army in the flank. Stannis’ army was almost completely destroyed, though Stannis himself managed to escape with a small fraction of his men.

To formalise the new alliance between House Lannister and House Tyrell, King Joffrey agrees to be betrothed to marry Margaery Tyrell, who subsequently takes place at court. The marriage will be finalised once the war is over.

Season 3

Due to the new Lannister-Tyrell alliance, House Tyrell resumes shipment of its foodstuffs along the Rose road to feed the common people of King’s Landing, who were suffering greatly from the deprivations of the war, and the disruption in trade which began when High garden declared for Renly Baratheon. Margaery says that 100 wagons are now arriving in the city daily from the Reach, containing wheat, barley, and apples.

In order to strengthen and guide the new alliance, the House Tyrell family matriarch, Lady Olenna Tyrell, arrives in King’s Landing. Lady Olenna and her granddaughter Margaery have a private meeting with Sansa Stark in which Olenna asks Sansa to give her frank, truthful assessment of King Joffrey. Olenna bluntly tells Sansa that she feels her fatheaded oaf of a son Mace Tyrell made a major mistake in supporting Renly’s rival claim to the throne, much to Margaery’s embarrassment. Olenna nonetheless chides that the men of House Tyrell have never been very intelligent: her own husband the late Lord Luthor Tyrell rode off a cliff to his death during a hawking accident because he was too focused on the sky, Loras is good at knocking men off horses with a stick but not politics, and her son Mace is an oaf who is determined to see House Tyrell marry into the royal line. Thus, she says, the more politically savvy women of House Tyrell are left to clean up the mess. Sansa confirms the rumours that have been coming out of the capital: Joffrey is a monster. Lady Olenna says this is “a pity” but takes the news calmly. She thanks Sansa for her honesty, and assures her that her son Mace is too set on entering Margaery into a royal marriage to call off the wedding at this point.

Varys conspires with Olenna Tyrell to marry Sansa Stark to her grandson Loras Tyrell after he learns Petyr Baelish is returning to the capital. Baelish learns of this through his spy Olyvar, Loras’s squire whom he has been having sex with, who then reports it to Tywin Lannister. Tywin takes action as he does not want the Tyrells to take control over the North after the defeat of Robb Stark and decides to marry his son Tyrion to Sansa and daughter Cersei to Loras, preventing Sansa and Loras from marrying each other and placing the North under de facto Lannister control.

When discussing the prospect of marrying Cersei Lannister to Loras Tyrell, Tywin Lannister and Olenna Tyrell discuss the scandals surrounding the pair. In response to Tywin’s suggestion that High garden “has a high tolerance for unnatural behaviour”, Olenna states that while House Tyrell doesn’t “turn [itself] in knots over” homosexuality, incest is still very much frowned upon. On a more practical note, she says that the Tyrells cannot take the risk that Cersei will be unable to give Loras any heirs, as otherwise High garden will revert to the Baratheon children of Margaery and Joffrey. Tywin, using his position as Hand of the King, forces Olenna to consent to the marriage when he threatens to place Ser Loras in the Kings guard.

Season 4

At the wedding of Margaery Tyrell to King Joffrey, Olenna Tyrell discusses the Iron Throne’s tremendous debt owed to the Iron Bank of Braavos with Lord Tywin Lannister, who brushes them off, though Olenna openly comments that she knows Tywin is smarter than that. Olenna later meets with Sansa Stark and offers her condolences for the Red Wedding. Margaery’s wedding to Joffrey takes an unexpected turn when the king dies from poison after sipping his wine. Cersei Lannister accuses her little brother Tyrion of being her son’s murderer and has the Kings guard seize him while Sansa Stark escapes with the help of Petyr Baelish. Later, before leaving King’s Landing, Olenna Tyrell reveals to her granddaughter Margaery that she poisoned Joffrey so that Margaery would not have to marry him; Baelish reveals to Sansa while escorting her to the Vale on his ship that he supplied the poison.

Margaery and her brother Loras are present at the court trial of Tyrion Lannister. Their father, Lord Mace Tyrell, serves as one of the judges, alongside Lord Tywin Lannister and Prince Oberyn Martell. Mace is personally taken aback by Shae’s testimony when she admits to being Tyrion’s whore. Margaery and Loras are surprised when Tyrion demands a trial by combat at the end of the hearing. The Tyrells are present at the trial by combat of Tyrion, witnessing Oberyn’s gruesome death at the hands of Ser Gregor Clegane and the sentencing of Tyrion.

Season 5

Margaery Tyrell is present at the funeral of Lord Tywin Lannister in the Great Sept of Baelor; while walking up the sept’s steps, Cersei Lannister exchanges a glare with her. Later, Margaery walks in on her brother Loras having sex with his squire, Olyvar. As she was promised to Joffrey, Margaery marries the new King Tommen, Joffrey’s younger brother, much to Cersei’s continued frustration over the growing influence of the Tyrells through her children. After consummating their marriage, Margaery convinces Tommen to offer to send his mother back to Casterly Rock. When Tommen offers this to Cersei, she tells Tommen her place is in King’s Landing and realises just how much Margaery’s influence has grown over her son. At a meeting of the Small Council, Cersei informs Lord Mace Tyrell that he is to be sent to Braavos, escorted by Ser Meryn Trant of the Kings guard, in order to negotiate with the Iron Bank, who are owed a tremendous amount of money by the Iron Throne and the Lannisters.

Cersei plots to empower the Faith of the Seven in order to break Tommen and Margaery’s marital union. She has Tommen name a peasant called the High Sparrow, the leader of the radical Sparrows, the new High Septon after the previous one was caught in a brothel, and reestablishes the Faith Militant, of which her cousin Lancel is a member of. Lancel and a group of Sparrows arrest Loras Tyrell due to his homosexuality, a sin in the eyes of the Faith. Margaery tries to convince Tommen to take action, but when Tommen arrives to the steps of the Sept of Baelor, he and his Kings guard are stopped by the Sparrows, preventing him from speaking to the High Sparrow. Tommen decides to leave in order to avoid violence despite a Kings guard advising otherwise.

Hearing of this, Olenna Tyrell returns to the capital and tells Margaery that she will deal with Cersei. However, Olenna realises in a conversation with Cersei that she cannot convince the Queen Mother to release her grandson. Olenna, Margaery, Cersei, and Tommen are all present at the inquisition held by the High Sparrow over Ser Loras. Loras denies the accusations, as does Queen Margaery, who is surprised when she is called forward. Before they may break, Olyvar is brought into the room and confesses to having sex with Loras, his proof being a birthmark on Loras’s upper thigh. The Sparrows arrest both Loras and Margaery as a result. Cersei smirks at Olenna.

Olenna confronts the High Sparrow in the Sept of Baelor, who refuses to release Loras and Margaery because of their sins before the gods. Olenna then receives a letter from Petyr Baelish, who she meets with in his now ruined brothel. Olenna threatens to bring down Baelish if House Tyrell falls, reminding him that they murdered King Joffrey together. Baelish offers Olenna a “gift,” the same he offered Cersei: a handsome young man. The High Sparrow goes on to arrest Cersei when her cousin Lancel confesses to having sex with her, and forces Cersei to walk naked in the streets of King’s Landing from the Sept of Baelor to the Red Keep in a walk of atonement when Cersei denies most of her sins and begs to return to her son’s side in the Red Keep.

Season 6

Olenna Tyrell is invited by the new Hand of the King, Ser Kevan Lannister, on the Small Council. Cersei Lannister and her brother Jaime come up with a plan to march the Tyrell army into the capital, telling Kevan and Olenna that they need to work together to defeat the High Sparrow. In response to the continued imprisonment of Ser Loras and Queen Margaery Tyrell, the Tyrell army, led by Lord Mace Tyrell and Ser Jaime, marches into King’s Landing shortly before Queen Margaery’s walk of atonement with the intent of preventing her from the punishment. However, for her help in forming a new holy alliance between the Faith of the Seven and the Iron Throne, she is exempt from the punishment. Later, King Tommen I dismisses Jaime Lannister from the Kings guard, stating that “an attack on the Faith is an attack on the crown”.

Margaery later meets with her grandmother Olenna, where she plays as a follower of the Sparrows to trick Septa Unella. Margaery urges her grandmother to leave the capital. When Olenna refuses to leave her, Margaery discreetly slips a note to her grandmother with a drawing of the sigil of House Tyrell, communicating with her that she has not been fooled and that her true loyalty stays with family.

At the trial of Loras at the Great Sept of Baelor, which is attended by Margaery and their father Mace Tyrell, Loras confesses to his crimes and renounces his claim to High garden to serve as a member of the Faith Militant, playing into the High Sparrow. Shortly after his trial, the sept is destroyed in a plot orchestrated by Cersei Lannister and Qyburn to allow for Cersei to evade her own trial while destroying her enemies at the same time. Margaery, Mace and Loras are all killed, leaving Olenna as the sole survivor of House Tyrell.

Olenna later meets with Ellaria Sand and the Sand Snakes in Dorne, where she recognises that her direct line will not survive. However, Ellaria – and Varys – promise vengeance for Olenna, who pledges her house to once again support House Targaryen and Daenerys Targaryen’s claim to the Iron Throne. Some of House Tyrell’s ships are later seen alongside Martell, Greyjoy, and Daenerys’s own Targaryen ships, and set sail to exact revenge against Cersei and reinstate the Targaryen dynasty to the Iron Throne.

Season 7

As a member of the Dragon Queen Daenerys Targaryen’s alliance, Lady Olenna attends a war council in the Chamber of the Painted Table at Dragon stone. When Queen Daenerys remarks that she does not want to become the “Queen of Ashes”, Lady Tyrell responds that Queen Cersei will not give up the Iron Throne easily and makes references to the death of her grand daughter Margaery at the Great Sept of Baelor. At the advice of her Hand Tyrion Lannister, Dany approves a plan to use House Tyrell and Dornish men to lay siege to King’s Landing.

Following the meeting, the Dragon Queen summons Lady Olenna for a private meeting and tells her that she is aware that her motives are based on revenge rather than love for her. When Dany insists that she will usher in an era of peace, Olenna counters that there never really was a lasting peace under the Mad King or any preceding Targaryen. She warns Daenerys that Tyrion is a clever man and that Olenna has outlasted many clever men by not listening to their advice. She likens the lords of Westeros to sheep and tells Dany that she must be a dragon if she wants to rule Westeros.

Meanwhile, Queen Cersei summons Lord Randyll Tarly, one of House Tyrell’s vassals, and attempts to convince him to cast aside his allegiance to House Tyrell. Despite Cersei’s warnings about the threat of Daenerys and her Dothraki hordes, Lord Tarly is reluctant to abandon his loyalty to Lady Olenna due to his distrust of the Lannisters. Jaime Lannister however convinces Lord Tarly to reconsider by painting Cersei as the lesser evil and offers to make him the warden of the south.

703 Tyrell Casualties

The overwhelmed Tyrell forces.

Whilst the Unsullied take Casterly Rock from House Lannister, Jaime Lannister, along with Bronn, Dickon, and Randyll Tarly, lead the combined forces of the Lannister and Tarly armies in an assault on High garden, the seat of House Tyrell. Left largely undefended, the castle is taken quickly despite the garrison’s spirited defence and lost to the Lannisters. Jaime Lannister gives Olenna Tyrell, the last remaining Tyrell of the main branch, poison which she chooses to willingly drink. Olenna’s death is a blow to the Targaryen cause, as well as extinguishing the main branch of House Tyrell, and losing their ancestral seat of High garden.

The Iron Throne seizes House Tyrell’s assets to pay their debts to the Iron Bank of Braavos. House Tarly’s betrayal of the Tyrells allows them to usurp them as the Great House of the Reach and Wardens of the South. However, before she dies, Lady Olenna reveals to Jaime Lannister that she was the one who poisoned his and Cersei’s son Joffrey at the Purple Wedding and requests that this be passed on to Cersei; a last little gift from House Tyrell.

Tyrion Lannister makes it clear to Randyll Tarly that Cersei isn’t the right choice for Westeros, as she destroyed House Tyrell (Randyll’s liege lords) for good, before he is executed by Drogon on Daenerys Targaryen’s orders. Thus, in combination with Jaime Lannister’s words about Olenna’s entire House being dead, it is established that House Tyrell is no more.

Current Status

  • Though it was initially unclear who the heirs to House Tyrell actually were in the TV continuity at this point, it seems that the TV series is drastically condensing it so that the Tyrells would now be extinct after Olenna Tyrell’s death (and Olenna wasn’t born a Tyrell, she married into the family). In the Season 6 finale, Olenna only vaguely mentions that with the deaths of her son Mace and her grandchildren Margaery and Loras, Cersei took away her “future”. In the novels, they actually have two older brothers, Willas and Garlan, who were omitted from the TV continuity, as Loras was repeatedly said to be the current heir to his father. Moreover, as a large and powerful Great House, in the books they have numerous cousins and second cousins who hold various positions within their reign over the Reach.
    • In the books, Olenna and old Lord Luthor Tyrell had three children: their son Mace and two daughters, Janna and Mina. Janna married a Fossoway with no known children, while Mina actually married her own first cousin Paxter Redwyne (Olenna’s nephew), producing two sons and a daughter.
    • Meanwhile, even if Olenna’s entire bloodline is dead in the TV version, Luthor in the novels had younger brothers who themselves had descendants: Maester Gorman (who cannot inherit), Garth the Gross (Seneschal of High garden), and Moryn (Lord Commander of the City Watch of Old town). Garth has two bastard sons, while Moryn had two legitimate sons, three grandchildren, and two great-grandchildren. It’s doubtful that all of them will gather in the Great Sept for Margaery’s trial in the next novel and end up being killed in Cersei’s wildfire explosion.
  • Tyrell Lady new

    One could assume that Olenna can’t literally be the last Tyrell: other Tyrell cousins exist in the books and were even introduced in the TV series.

    The TV continuity technically did acknowledge that other minor Tyrell cousins exist, and they are direct descendants of Olenna. Back in Season 3 episode 4 “And Now His Watch Is Ended”, an unnamed Tyrell handmaiden – credited only as “Tyrell lady” – actually had a speaking line in which she showed her embroidery to Olenna and asked, “Do you like it, Nana?” – i.e. directly stating that Olenna is her grandmother. In the books many of the minor Tyrell cousins serve as handmaidens to the main members of the family, thus it was always somewhat implied that the background handmaidens that appear in the TV show are actually Tyrell cousins. This “Tyrell lady” was never formally named, but the eldest of Margaery’s cousins who serve in her company as handmaidens is Elinor Tyrell (though Elinor isn’t a granddaughter but descended from Moryn – Olenna’s other granddaughter through Mace’s sister is Desmera Redwyne).

    • Of course, given that Mace Tyrell was in the Great Sept with his entire retinue along with Margaery to observe Loras’s trial, it is not impossible that all of Margaery’s handmaidens, including her cousins, were present in the Great Sept and killed in the explosion, and by the fifth episode of Season 7, it is made clear that this is apparently the case.

Military

House Tyrell can raise approximately 100,000 men in a relatively short period of time. As the second richest house, the Tyrell’s forces are numerous in the Seven Kingdoms, though House Lannister commands well-equipped armies. The strength of House Tyrell has remained mostly unscathed during the War of the Five Kings. Nevertheless, It is clear that House Tyrell has a more advantageous leverage compared to the Lannisters, both in manpower and logistics. High garden alone can garrison nearly 10,000 soldiers, showing that the Tyrells commands a relatively large army. However, much of this army is later annihilated by the Lannister forces at the Sack of High garden leading to the death of Olenna Tyrell thus eliminating the once formidable great house.

Tyrell soldiers seem to be well-equipped yet still far behind to the Lannisters. This is particularly evidenced by the high quality swords and weapons purchased due to the Reach’s fertile lands thus allowing taxation for the region’s large population therefore supplying high-quality to the Tyrell soldiers.

Not only this, but commonly it is seen that the Tyrells are outfitted in high quality plate armour. Many of them protected by sturdy, bright coloured dyed symmetrical cut leather augmented steel armour plates, in a striking combination. This design, is not aesthetically impressive but also symbolic, since the Tyrell men are often considered as the “Knights of Summer”. The design also provides practicality in warfare with the combination of leather and steel plates allows considerable protection and mobility for the wearer. This makes them nimble than other soldiers who might be wearing heavy plates of armour, while retaining the defensive properties of armour. Tyrell infantry helmets have a basic flower motif to the overall shape of their helmets, after the Tyrell sigil of a golden rose: the design gives the appearance that the entire helmet is a rose, with large metal ridges shaped like rose petals ringing the “crown” of the head. Tyrell infantry helmets also have cheek guards (unlike basic Stark helmets), which are an extension of the main body of the helmet (not a separate piece of metal like Lannister armour, which is more complex)

The budding crown like crests on their helmets of the Tyrell soldiers in Season 6, are more of an aesthetic feature rather than a defensive one, being designed to hopefully nullify the impacts of a critical blow to the users head.  The design serves as  a direct resemblance to the Tyrell sigil a budding golden rose despite it’s rather fallible design. Arguably, the design is as much for show, as for practical effectiveness. The intricacy required for manufacturing tens of thousands of the rather simple yet conventional parts for the helmets, indicates a capability in metalworking and craftsmanship. As seen at the Great Sept of Baelor, the small Tyrell force is visually spectacular in full battle formation, as witnessed by the High Sparrow and the people in King’s Landing.

Tyrell armour and robes, also use logically vast quantities of relatively expensive amounts of teal, gold and other brightly coloured dye, across the Tyrell military forces, universally. Cloaks, robes and under layers padding the armour in these colours, make for fine looking and ornate soldiers. Moreover, they are well protected by heater and ovate shields, constructed of thick wood in multiple layers. Adorning the painted golden rose, and painted blazons/sigils of House Tyrell, teal and yellow-gold being the main colour palette. The well-crafted style of the Tyrell garments and armour, indicates an organised system of military wealth and effectiveness.

However, while most Tyrell soldiers indeed seem to have the classic teal-dyed leather and steel plate armour, some even having golden, bronze, and other metal embellishments over their shoulder plates and helmets, which hides the rather simplistic lifestyle of the soldier in the Reach instead giving them a more intimidating outlook in the field and at the camps.

Despite the Tyrell army being diverse and ornamentally impressive in design, their vassals seem to follow this motif (bright coloured armour and steel plates) despite their preference to be considered as independent houses. Most notably, House Tarly which used red tunics and steel armour which distinguishes them from House Tyrell.

During the War of the Five Kings, we see different variations for the Tyrell army, indicating different types of troops from simplistic levies to the more prominent soldiers. This variation allows a unique dynamic in the equipment used by each soldier. Regional levies, wear more basic armour relying on leather and supposedly chainmail in order to make up for the lack of  plated armour. Medium infantry are unique having the combination of the heavy guard units while being superior to the levies in terms of equipment and possibly training. House Tyrell also commands a formidable group of heavy guardsmen being House Tyrell’s well-equipped infantry being able to intimidate their opponents such as the Faith Militant, unnerving the fanatical order once ordered to be in an offensive stance.

It is relatively quite unknown how the Tyrell army is experienced in terms of warfare since most of their army didn’t partake in pitch battles during the War of the Five Kings. Numerous battles such as the Battle of the Blackwater showed it’s capability in combat, wherein the combined cavalry of both House Lannister and Tyrell easily managed to crush Stannis Baratheon’s army with ease. Although it can be considered that they fought using mounted soldiers which gives an advantage compared to the foot soldiers used during the battle. Later in Season 7, it is revealed that the Tyrell army is incapable of fighting as stated by Olenna Tyrell by grimly stating “It was never our forte” . This can be an assumption that House Tyrell is more reliant and dependent on their more marital vassals like the Tarly’s and other houses to fight their battles.

Yet it is quite arguably debatable that House Tyrell in the past could actually be a dominant force being able to win numerous historic conflicts against their enemies most notably Dorne. During the 300 year long reign of the Targaryen. Though it can be said that the numerous civil wars under House Targaryen could have weakened House Tyrell’s capabilities in combat due to their decisions in maintaining neutrality in conflicts. An example of this is during, the Dance of the Dragons wherein House Tyrell remained neutral throughout the war which allowed their vassals to choose between factions.

The Tyrells command a formidable fleet known as the Redwyne Fleet, numbering around 200 long ships such as cogs, carracks, and galley. The fleet has experienced naval battles most notably during the Greyjoy Rebellion. The fleet is also used to protect merchant ships against raiders and pirates such as the Iron born. In the books the Reach’s navy could arguably be the most powerful in the Seven Kingdoms even surpassing the Royal Fleet, being supported by the Shield Islands, coastal lords and the Hightower fleet.

The Reach is controlled mostly by House Tyrell, mostly due to Harlan Tyrell’s surrender of High garden to Aegon Targaryen thus elevating their status. Despite their status however their vassals seem to act self-beneficially and have questionable loyalties such as the Florents and the Fossoway’s, who aligned themselves with Stannis rather than follow their liege lords. House Tarly, on the other hand chose to reluctantly ally with the Lannisters in fear of the Dothraki.

Relationships

Members

  • Lord {Luthor Tyrell}, Lord of High garden, Lord Paramount of the Reach and Warden of the South. Died in a hawking accident.
    • Lady {Olenna}, his widow of House Redwyne. Called “the Queen of Thorns”. The former head of the family. Poisoned herself after High garden fell to the Lannister army.
      • Lord {Mace Tyrell}, their son and heir. Lord of High garden, Lord Paramount of the Reach and Warden of the South. The former head of the family. Burnt alive by wildfire during the Destruction of the Great Sept of Baelor.
        • Lady {Alerie}, his wife of House Hightower.
          • Queen {Margaery Tyrell}, their daughter. The young and beautiful widow of Renly Baratheon and Joffrey Baratheon. Lastly, she was the wife of Tommen Baratheon until she was burned alive by wildfire during the Destruction of the Great Sept of Baelor. Presumably heir to High garden moments before her death, after the disinheritance of her brother.
          • Ser {Loras Tyrell}, their son and heir, until his disinheritance moments before his death. Called the “Knight of the Flowers”. Noted for his youth, valor and his skill with a lance. Formerly Lord Commander of the Kings guard under King Renly Baratheon until the king’s death. Forced to join the Sparrows as Brother Loras until he was soon burned alive by wildfire during the Destruction of the Great Sept of Baelor.

With unspecified familiar relationship to the main branch:

  • {Allana Tyrell}, a cousin of Loras and Margaery.
  • {An unnamed lady}, apparently a granddaughter of Olenna Tyrell.

Historical members

  • Ser {Alester Tyrell}, an Andal knight and warlord who became the High Steward of High garden under House Gardener.
  • Lord {Harlen Tyrell}, the first Warden of the South. Bent the knee to Aegon the Conqueror after the death of his previous king, Mern IX Gardener.
  • Lord {Lyonel Tyrell}, Lord of High garden during the Conquest of Dorne. Declared Steward of Dorne by King Daeron I Targaryen, and later assassinated by the Dornish with a hundred red scorpions.

Sworn to House Tyrell

  • House Ashford of Ashford
  • House Beesbury of Honey holt
  • House Bulwer of Black crown
  • House Cuy of Sun House
  • House Florent of Bright water Keep, now sworn to Stannis Baratheon
  • House Fossoway of Cider Hall
  • House Hightower of Old town
  • House Ley good
  • House Oak heart of Old Oak
  • House Redwyne of the Arbor
  • House Tarly of Horn Hill (formerly)

Vassals and allies

  • Lord Randyll Tarly, Lord of Horn Hill
  • Lord Paxter Redwyne, Lord of the Arbor

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